Islam is a very simple faith. It requires man to recognize his duties toward God Allah, his Creator and his fellow creatures. It teaches the supreme duty of living at peace with one’s surroundings. It is preeminently the religion of peace. The very name, Islam, means peace. The goal of a man’s life, according to Islam, is peace with everything. Peace with Allah and peace with man.
The Koran, the Holy Book of Islam, tells us that the final abode of man is the “House of Peace.” ‘Where’ no vain word or sinful discourse will be heard. The Holy Divine Prophet, Noble Drew Ali, says that a follower of Islam in the true sense of the word is one whose hands, tongue, and thoughts do not hurt others.
Object of man’s life, according to Islam, is its complete unfoldment. Islam teaches that man is born with unlimited capacities for progress. Islam does not support the idea that man was born in sin. It teaches that every one has within him the seed of perfect development and it rest solely with himself to make or mar his fortune.
The cardinal doctrine of Islam is the unity of the Father-ALLAH. We believe in one God. Allah who is All God, All Mercy, and All Power. He is Perfect and Holy, All Wisdom, All Knowledge, and All Truth. These are some of His great attributes so far as we can understand.
He is free from all defects, holy and transcendent. He is personal to us in so far as we see His attributes working for us and in us; but He is, nevertheless, impersonal. Because He is infinite, perfect, and Holy, we do not believe that death, decay, or sleep overtake Him, neither do we believe that He is a helplessly inactive and inert force. Nothing happens without his knowledge and will. He neither begets nor is He begotten, because these are the traits of frail and weak humanity.
This unity of Allah is the first and foremost pillar of Islam and every other belief hangs upon it.
Moorish Literature pg.10